How to Write an Outline for a Research Paper (with Pictures)

 

outline for paper

The Basic Outline of a Paper The following outline shows a basic format for most academic papers. No matter what length the paper needs to be, it should still follow the . Jan 28,  · For research papers, a formal outline can help you keep track of large amounts of information. Example Thesis: Federal regulations need to foster laws that will help protect wetlands, restore those that have been destroyed, and take measures to improve the damange from overdevelopment. Oct 31,  · Writing an outline for a research paper can seem like a time consuming task, and you may not understand the value of it if you have never written one before. Outlines can help you structure your research and your final paper in much more efficient ways, though, so it is a good idea that you learn how to write one%(83).


Research Paper Outline Examples


Outlining your first draft by listing each paragraph's topic sentence can be an easy way to ensure that each of your paragraphs is serving a outline for paper purpose in outline for paper paper. You may find opportunities to combine or eliminate potential outline for paper when outlining—first drafts often contain repetitive ideas or sections that stall, rather than advance, the paper's central argument.

Additionally, if you are having trouble revising a paper, making an outline of each paragraph and its topic sentence after you have written your paper can be an effective way of identifying a paper's strengths and weaknesses. The following outline is for a page paper discussing the link between educational attainment and health.

Review the other sections of this page for more detailed information about each component of this outline! Major Point 4: People with more financial worries have more stress and worse physical health.

Your introduction provides context to your readers to prepare them for your paper's argument or purpose. An introduction should begin with discussion of your specific topic not a broad background overview and provide just enough context definitions of key terms, for example to prepare your readers for your thesis outline for paper purpose statement, outline for paper. A thesis or purpose statement should come at the end of your introduction and state clearly and concisely what the purpose or central argument of your paper is.

The introduction prepares your reader for this statement, outline for paper, and the rest of the paper follows in support of it. After the initial introduction, background on your topic often follows.

This paragraph or section might include a literature review surveying the current state of knowledge on your topic or simply a historical overview of relevant information. The purpose of this section is to justify your own project or paper by pointing out a gap in the current research which your work will address.

Major points are the building blocks of your paper. Major points build on each other, outline for paper, moving the paper forward and toward its conclusion. Each major point should be a clear claim that relates to the central argument of your paper.

Minor points are subtopics within your major points. Minor points develop the nuances of your major points but may not be significant enough to warrant extended attention on their own. These may come in the form of statistics, examples from your sources, or supporting ideas. The rest of the body of your paper will be made up of more major and minor points. Each major point should advance the paper's central argument, often building on the previous points, until you have provided enough evidence and analysis to justify your paper's conclusion.

Your conclusion both restates your paper's major claim and ties that claim into a larger discussion. Rather than outline for paper reiterating each major and minor point, quickly revisit your thesis statement and focus on ending the paper by tying your thesis into current research in your field, next steps for other researchers, your broader studies, or other future implications.

Didn't find what you need? Search our website or e-mail us. Read our website accessibility and accommodation statement. Writing a Paper: Outlining, outline for paper. Print Page Report a broken link. Outlining Strategies Outlining your first draft by listing each paragraph's topic sentence can be outline for paper easy way to ensure that each of outline for paper paragraphs is serving a specific purpose in your paper.

Example Outline The following outline is for a page paper discussing the link between educational attainment and health. Introduction A, outline for paper. Current Problem: Educational attainment rates are decreasing in the United States while healthcare costs are increasing. Background A. Historical Employment Overview: Unskilled laborers in the past were frequently unionized and adequately compensated for their work cite sources, outline for paper.

Historical Healthcare Overview: Unskilled laborers in the past were often provided adequate healthcare and benefits cite sources. Current Link between Education and Employment Type: Increasingly, uneducated workers work in unskilled or low-skilled jobs cite sources. Gaps in the Research: Little information exists exploring the health implications of the current conditions in low-skilled jobs.

Minor Point 1: Unskilled work environments are correlated highly with worker injury cite sources. Minor Point 2: Unskilled work environments rarely provide healthcare or adequate injury recovery time cite sources.

Major Point 2: Conditions of employment affect workers' mental health A. Minor Point 1: Employment in a low-skilled position is highly correlated with dangerous levels of stress cite sources. Minor Point 2: Stress is highly correlated with mental outline for paper issues cite sources.

Minor Point 1: Mental health problems and physical health problems are highly correlated cite sources. Minor Point 2: Stress manifests itself in physical form cite sources VI. Minor Point 1: Many high-school dropouts face financial problems cite sources. Conclusion A. Sample Thesis Statement: Because of their income deficit Smith, and general susceptibility to depression Jones, outline for paper,students who drop out of high school before graduation maintain a higher risk for physical and mental health problems later in life.

Background After the initial introduction, background on your topic often follows. Sample Background: A background section on a paper on education and health might include an overview of recent outline for paper in this area, such as research on depression or on decreasing high school graduation rates.

Sample Major Point: Employment and physical health may be a good first major point for this sample paper, outline for paper. Here, a student might discuss how dropping out of high school often leads to fewer employment opportunities, outline for paper, and those employment opportunities that are available tend to be correlated with poor work environments and low pay. Sample Minor Point: A sample minor point of the previous major point employment and physical health might address worker injury or the frequent lack of health insurance benefits offered by low-paying employers.

More Major and Minor Points: In this paper, more major points might include mental health of high school dropouts, outline for paper, healthcare access for dropouts, and correlation between mental and physical health.

Minor topics could include specific work environments, job satisfaction in various fields, and correlation between depression and chronic illness, outline for paper. Conclusion Your conclusion both restates your paper's major claim and ties that claim into a larger discussion.

Sample Conclusion: For this paper, a conclusion might restate the central argument the link between lack of education and health issues and go on to connect that discussion to a larger discussion of the U. Outlining Video Prewriting Demonstrations: Outlining video transcript. Related Resources. Writing Center podcast select the episode in the player. Disability Services Any concerns about accessibility of materials on this site or compatibility with assistive technology should be addressed to disability mail.

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outline for paper

 

The Basic Outline of a Paper The following outline shows a basic format for most academic papers. No matter what length the paper needs to be, it should still follow the . Oct 31,  · Writing an outline for a research paper can seem like a time consuming task, and you may not understand the value of it if you have never written one before. Outlines can help you structure your research and your final paper in much more efficient ways, though, so it is a good idea that you learn how to write one%(83). It is impossible to imagine a flawless writing process without mastering an art of developing a powerful research paper outline. This type of college academic assignment requires much more sections than an ordinary high school essay, so follow our guide not to get lost in the writing process.